Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. It affects millions of people, children or adults. According to medical news websites, hypertension is one of the main causes of heart attacks, stroke and even kidney disease. The main goal of treating hypertension is by lowering high blood pressure. Not only that, it will reduce the chance of any heart, brain and kidney damage caused by high blood pressure.
If you’re less than 60 years old and a healthy individual, you are considered to have high blood pressure if it reaches more than 140/90. This is also applicable if you have any coronary heart disease, diabetes or kidney disease. For 60 years old and above individuals, the blood pressure is 150/90.
Before taking medications, the first thing you need to change when you’re hypertensive is your lifestyle. Maintain a weight that’s ideal for your body weight. This can be done by getting regular exercise and eating a balanced diet. Cut down smoking and alcohol. If you can eliminate it completely, do it. Your body will thank you later. Reduce stress levels as it can be the reason why you’re blood pressure goes up in the first place.
Going back to eating healthy, make sure that you limit your salt intake to prevent your blood pressure from increasing. Eat lots of food that’s rich in fish oil, calcium, magnesium, potassium and garlic. You can also try herbal supplements, but always consult a doctor before taking them.
If your doctor will prescribe you medication, it is possible that he or she will be giving you two or more drugs because the efficiency is more potent than just one. Additionally, based on health medical news, each medicine may have side effects, so it’s best if you take small doses of two or more different drugs to combat the result of these side effects.
Tell your doctor everything about your medical history and even your family history. It will help them decide which medicines are right for you. They would concentrate on your health issues concerning the heart, liver and kidneys, diabetes and urinary problems and also allergies and gout.
Diuretics are the first and most common medication that will most likely be prescribed to you. Diuretics are water pills that facilitate the reduction of water and sodium in your kidneys. This will help lessen the blood volume in your body. There are three kinds of diuretics, thiazide diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics and loop diuretics. Most of them are sulfa drugs. Their side effects include frequent urination, blurred vision, dizziness, muscle cramps and weakness, dehydration, loss of appetite and fever. These side effects may show in the first few days of taking them and should go away afterwards. Consult your doctor if it doesn’t go away.
Beta Blockers open up your blood vessels and simultaneously make your heart beat more slowly. These are recommended for people with heart disease. They help control heart beat rhythm and is effective for those with abnormal heart rhythms. Side effects include fatigue, dizziness, edema, difficulty in breathing and depression.
Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers dilutes your blood pressure to reduce your blood pressure. Its side effects are constipation, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, nausea, edema and low blood pressure.
Angiotensin-converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
ACE inhibitors widen the blood vessels to increase the steady supply of blood that the blood gives out. ACE inhibitors are recommended for people with diabetes or heart disease. ACE inhibitors side effects are dizziness, vomiting or diarrhea, metallic or strange taste in the mouth, kidney failure, high amounts of potassium in the body and cough.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
ARBs are fairly new to the medicine market and are very similar to ACE inhibitors. This is prescribed to people who are unable to use ACE inhibitors. Side effects include dizziness, insomnia, muscle cramps, confusion, vomiting, diarrhea, irregular heartbeat, sinusitis and cough.
Renin Inhibitors helps regulate blood pressure. You can get headaches, dizziness, diarrhea or a stuffy nose when using them.
Other medication includes centrally-acting agents, vasodilators, aldosterone antagonists, alpha blockers and alpha beta blockers.
To sum it up, treating hypertension the natural way is always the best option. The side effects with taking hypertension medicines commonly show up for the first few days and usually go away. However, they could make you feel worse over time. Let your doctor know if that’s the case. Stay up to date with the top medical news about hypertension and always follow your doctor to avoid any complications.